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Nursing Education in India

Who is a Nurse?
A nurse is a health care professional who is engaged in the practice of nursing. Like other healthcare professionals, nurses are responsible for the treatment, safety and recovery of acutely or chronically ill or injured people, health maintenance of the healthy, and treatment of life-threatening emergencies in a wide range of health care settings.

Nurse Employment Opportunities in India
Traditionally nursing was considered as a profession for women, and nursing training in many colleges and institutes were confined to women, but the trend is gradually changing in India as men are also seen choosing nursing profession.
Nurses work in various medical establishments including hospitals, community and public health agencies, rural and public health services, ambulance care centers, Army, Navy and Air Force (military) services, healthcare NGOs, homes for the aged, orphanages, destitute children homes and asylums, international organizations, WHO, UNECEF, disaster relief camps where people need healthcare services in all countries of the world. Indian nurses, with good academic background, adaptability, dedication and genuine desire for service are preferred in many countries.


As the number of hospitals and per capita expenditure on healthcare are increasing in India, employment opportunities for Nurses and other medical professionals are rising. Urban centers are setting up new healthcare infrastructure in the form of modern hospitals with ultra modern facilities demand highly skilled nurses. Rural healthcare schemes and facilities are also improving, which also promote employment opportunities for nurses.

Growing Demand for Nurses
Nurses are of high demand world over. Nursing is one of the careers the demand of which is never decreased. It is estimated that by 2012 the US alone will require 1.5 million nurses additionally. Similar demand is there from European countries and Australia. Other countries of the world, where healthcare services were marginal in the past are also improving the quality of medical services for the people, pushing large demand for nursing professionals. These factors together will spark a demand of 10 million more nurses by the end of this decade than the number of nurses newly qualified every year.

Indian nursing career seekers generally take academic and practical training in India. Many of them get absorbed in good hospitals of India. Initially they work in smaller hospitals and nursing homes in India, but they take this opportunity as a transition period for practical exposure and for development of their personality. Soon they aim to move abroad, a large number of them move to the gulf region. Some of them take various additional training and tips to develop their prospects to get resident and work permits in countries like USA, UK, Ireland and Australia.

Nursing Training
Nursing is a highly skilled profession, involves formal theoretical and practical training. Nursing training is regulated as the profession involves legal accountability for their actions. The privilege of “Registered Nurse” assumes legal accountability and ethical responsibility, confidentiality, good judgment and love and loyalty to their profession.

In India, nursing education is regulated with the constitution of Indian Nursing Council and various state nursing councils. These nursing councils are empowered to confer degrees, Diplomas and registration for trained nurses. In the Nursing colleges and nursing schools there are educational programmes leading to BSc Nursing, Diploma in General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM), and there are postgraduate and doctorate programmes in nursing viz., MSc Nursing and Ph.D.

The professional aim of a qualified nurse is not only to help cure of the health problem from which he or she is suffering, also to support the patient and his or her family and friends emotionally to get rid of the pressure and anxiety of the state.

Nurses work in various medical establishments including hospitals, community and public health agencies, rural and public health services, ambulance care centers, Army, Navy and Air Force (military) services, healthcare NGOs, homes for the aged, orphanages and asylums, international organizations, WHO, UNECEF, disaster relief camps where people need healthcare services.

As a nurse, you have the opportunity to save and improve lives, to teach people how to achieve better health, to advocate for patients to make sure they have the best health care, every day.

Indian Nursing Council
The Indian Nursing Council and the various state Nursing Registration Councils are statutory bodies constituted to regulate nursing education in the country. The Indian Nursing Council is responsible for regulation and maintenance of a uniform standard of training for Nurses, Midwives, Auxilliary Nurse-Midwives and Health Visitors. The Council prescribes the syllabus and regulations for various nursing courses. The regional nursing councils consider applications of nursing schools for registration, conducts inspections, register nursing schools, administer the standards set under various regulations for nursing administration, and provide registration to the qualified nurses.

Cost involved:
Fees in Indian Nursing colleges and schools vary depending on various factors. Main considerations are, the location of the institute and whether the school/college is government owned/aided or unaided or self financing. In government owned and aided nursing schools and colleges the cost of study involved is highly subsidized by the governments. And in many nursing school that are associated with hospitals, the student need to serve a service bond ranging from 1-2 years; part of the training cost is deemed to have compensated during this service. In unaided colleges and schools the fees ranges as follows:

B. Sc Nursing Rs.60,000.00 to Rs.2,00,000.00 per year
Diploma in General Nursing & Midwifery: Rs.50,000.00 to Rs.1,50,000.00 per annum

(These figures are tentative and may not include hostel fees and mess; also some colleges may be charging capitation fees)

When selecting a nursing school, the student should choose a school that is government approved and registered with the respective nursing council. In some states there are institutes run by individuals who do not hold a proper registration or recognition by the Nursing councils. The school of nursing should either be run by a hospital management or medical college authority, or attached to at least one big hospital where the students can get practical exposure. Qualified teachers and infrastructure facilities, hostel and mess are bare necessities attached to a nursing school.

Nurse practitioners and clinical nurse specialists practice in many areas of nursing including: parent-child, pediatric, adult, family, geriatric, and psychiatric-mental health. Nurse practitioners and clinical nurse specialists have earned a masters degree in advanced nursing practice enabling them to practice in expanded roles. These roles include advanced assessment skills and prescriptive privileges.

We aim to help you choose the right Nursing College or Nursing school for you. The information available in this section will help you to explore the right Nursing institute in India that suits your academic requirements of nursing career training. We request you to make use of your own intelligence and discrimination while choosing the course and the institute, and keep yourself away from bad coins. Also do not hesitate to take advices of elders who are experienced and well versed in this profession. Such people are accessible everywhere, even at the hospitals situated in your local town. Cheers.


Nursing Schools in India