Your school life culminates with your clearing the final examination of 12th standard. If you cleared your higher secondary exams in the science stream, you have a plethora of career alternatives to pick from. Apart from the traditional career options in the two main sectors of engineering and medical, you can choose from a range of other programs. The following paragraphs list some of the most popular courses with a high degree of professional orientation.

List of Career Options after 12th Science


Engineering and medical have always been the two most sought-after career tracks with high school science stream students and continue to remain so. If you passed your 12th standard exams with bio-science, you could carve a career as a doctor, surgeon, pharmacist, optometrist, and chemist and so on.

The arena of medical science had always been vast and with rapid strides being made in this field, it is getting increasingly segmented. So, if you cannot secure a high enough rank in the medical entrance exam, you can opt to specialize in a particular segment of the medical field by joining an approved medical education institute. There are many accredited academic establishments that’ll admit you on the basis of your 12th standard marks. You can choose from a number of programs in the medical segment including but not limited to:-

  • MBBS
  • BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)
  • BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
  • Pharmacy
  • Nursing
  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometric


  • Civil
  • Mechanical
  • Electrical
  • Electronics
  • Aeronautical
  • Marine
  • Chemical
  • Automobile
  • Metallurgical and Materials
  • Information Technology
  • Textile
  • Dairy Technology
  • Fire Technology & Safety
  • Food/Food Processing Technology
  • Biotechnology
  • Bioinformatics
  • Paint Technology

You’ll nonetheless have to score above the cut-off marks in an engineering entrance exam to secure admission in a reputed engineering college or institute. However, there are numerous private engineering institutes spread across the length and breadth of the country that offer admission to students based on their class 12 grades.

Para Medical and Engineering Courses

Apart from the mainstream engineering and medical courses, there are a host of other paramedical and analogous engineering courses that you can opt for like:-

  • Microbiology programs (diplomas in clinical microbiology and clinical pathology, diploma in industrial microbiology, B.Sc. and B.Sc. (honours) in microbiology)
  • Food Processing Technology and Nutritional Sciences (B.Sc. in food processing technology, food preservation and processing, food storage, preservation and food technology, diploma in fish processing technology)
  • Biotechnology programs (B.Sc. in Biotechnology and Bioinformatics, B.Sc. in Biotechnology, Diploma in Biotechnology, B.Tech in Industrial Biotechnology, B.E. in Biotechnology)
  • Textile Engineering and Technology courses (B.E. in Textile Technology, Diploma in Textile Technology, Diploma in Textile Engineering, Diploma in Fabrication Technology, B.E. in Textile Chemistry, B.E. in Artificial Fibre Technology)
  • Forensic Science courses (B.Sc. in Forensic Sciences, Diploma in Forensic Science, Diploma in Forensic Science {Cyber Crimes}, Diploma in Forensic Science {Computer Forensics} and B.Sc. in Life Science, Chemistry and Forensic Science)
  • Zoology courses (B.Sc. in Zoology, B.Sc. (Honours) in Zoology, B.Sc. in Advanced Zoology and Biotechnology, B.Sc. in Aquaculture)


The IT and ITES sectors are the two most prospective commercial sectors in India at present. Indian IT professionals are ruling the roost all over the world. Armed with a high school certification in science, you can apply for any of the various B.E./B.Tech programs in computer science of an established educational institute. A bachelor’s degree in computer science will help you find a lucrative position in a well-known IT firm with a good salary to boot.


The pharmaceutical industry is now a key player in the Indian economy and contributing enormously to the national GDP. You can shape a sterling career as a pharmacologist as patent wars between leading pharma and medicinal companies is felling the demand for R&D professionals.

Government Jobs after 12th Science

  • Indian Railways-Travelling Ticket Examiners, Ticket Collectors, Assistant Loco Pilots, Fitter, Gangmen, Office Clerks, Cashiers, and so on
  • State Public Service Commission-Junior Assistant, Assistant, Village Revenue Officer, Village Revenue Assistant, constable in State Police
  • Job Position after successfully clearing combined higher secondary examination of Staff Selection Commission-Stenographer, Lower Division Clerk, Data Entry Operator

Private Sector Jobs after 12th Science

  • IT (Graphic Designer, Software Developer, Technology Engineer, Programmer, Quality Analyst, PHP Developer, IT Specialist etc)
  • Architecture (Junior/Assistant or Trainee Architect)
  • Biotechnology (Biotechnologist)
  • Pharmaceutical (Pharmacist, Chemist)
  • Forensic Science (Forensics expert, fingerprints expert, ballistics expert, cybercrime specialist, and so on)
  • Agriculture (Agronomist, Agriculturalist, Agricultural Meteorologist, Agricultural Biotechnologist and so on)
  • Food/Food Processing (Food Technologist, Nutritional Specialist, Food Processing Expert, and so on)