The metallurgical and mineral industries provide the basic raw material for industrial development. India is a country with vast geographical diversities that provide a variety of mineral and metal
resources. India has known deposits of over 2000 minerals, and currently produces about 90 minerals including metallic, non-metallic and fuel, and also some 20 minor minerals. The country's mineral sector at present operating over 3300 active mines producing coal, iron ore, limestone, lignite, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, etc.
The production per year is about 650 million tonnes contributing a whopping Rs.60,000 crores to the national economy. The sector employs 290 million workers in the organized and unorganized sectors together.