In 1990, 1,825 strikes and lockouts were recorded. As a result, 24.1 million workdays were lost, from which 10.6 million were lost to strikes and 13.5 million to lockouts. More than 1.3 million workers were involved in these labor disputes. The number and seriousness of strikes and lockouts have varied from year to year. As can be seen from the below chart, there has been a steep decline in the number of strikes and lockouts. This continuous decline in strikes and lockouts indicates that the industrial relations in India are improving. There were 227 strikes in 2005, resulting in the loss of 10.81 million man-days, while the number of lockouts stood at 229 with a loss of 18.86 million man-days. In January-September 2006, there were only 154 strikes and 192 lockouts across the country, as compared to the statistics of 2005, which resulted in the time loss of 3.16 million man-days and 10.60 million man-days respectively.
The number of strikes and lockouts, taken together, was down by 4.4 per cent in 2005. During 2005, West Bengal experienced the maximum instances of strikes and lockouts (19216) followed by Kerala (3619) and Rajasthan (19247). Industrial disturbances were concentrated mainly in manufacturing (textile), financial intermediation, agriculture and mining and quarrying industries during 2005.
During 2000, 426 strikes and 325 lockouts were observed which resulted in total time-loss of 28.76 million mandays. Maximum time-loss was caused by 297 lockouts during 2003 which resulted in a time-loss of 27.05 million mandays. As compared to previous years, in 2006 only 13.76 million mandays were lost due to strikes and lockouts.