For smooth functioning of an organization, the employer has to ensure safety and security of his employees. Health and safety form an integral part of work environment. A work environment should enhance the well being of employees and thus should be accident free.

The terms health, safety and security are closely related to each other. Health is the general state of well being. It not only includes physical well being, but also emotional and mental well being. Safety refers to the act of protecting the physical well being of an employee. It will include the risk of accidents caused due to machinery, fire or diseases. Security refers to protecting facilities and equipments from unauthorized access and protecting

Employees while they are on work.
In organizations the responsibility of employee health and safety falls on the supervisors or HR manager. An HR manager can help in coordinating safety programs, making employees aware about the health and safety policy of the company, conduct formal safety training, etc. The supervisors and departmental heads are responsible for maintaining safe working conditions.
Responsibilities of managers:

  • Monitor health and safety of employees
  • Coach employees to be safety conscious
  • Investigate accidents
  • Communicate about safety policy to employees
  • Responsibilities of supervisors/departmental heads:

    • Provide technical training regarding prevention of accidents
    • Coordinate health and safety programs
    • Train employees on handling facilities an equipments
    • Develop safety reporting systems
    • Maintaining safe working conditions

    Legislations governing Occupational Health & safety in India

      * Factories act1948
      * Mines act 1952
      * Dock workers act(Safety, Health & Welfare)1986