There are three major legislations relating to occupational health and safety in India. They are related to the health and safety of persons employed in factories, mines and ports.

The Factories Act, 1948

• It provides the following provisions for maintaining health, security and safety of employees:

For Health

Ventilation & Temperature Disposal of wastes
Cleanliness Dust and fumes
Artificial Humidification Overcrowding
Lightening Drinking water
Latrines and urinals Spittoons

For Safety

Fencing of machinery Work on machinery in motion
Cashing of new machines Protection of eyes
Hoists and lifts Self acting machinery
Excessive weights Pressure plant
Precautions against dangerous fumes Floors, stairs and means of access
Precautions in case of fire Explosives of inflammable gas
Safety of buildings & machinery Maintenance of buildings

For Welfare

Washing facilities Facilities for sitting
First aid appliances Canteens
Rest rooms and shelters Crèches
Facilities for storing and drying clothing

Mines Act, 1952

  • It contains provisions for measures relating to the health, safety and welfare of persons employed in the coal and oil mines.
  • It provides the following provisions for health and safety of mine workers:
Drinking water Conservancy
Medical appliances Working hours
Notice about accidents Notice of certain diseases

Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Act, 1986

  • It contains provisions for the health, safety and welfare of workers working in ports/docks.
  • It provides the following provisions:

Passages to be kept clear Railings and fencings
Staging construction and maintenance Work on staging
Lifesaving appliances Illumination
Fire protection Excessive noise
Access between deck and hold Stairs
Floor loading Construction
Access between deck and vessel Access between shore and ship