Industrial Disputes Collective Bargaining Process Employee Welfare Trade Union Labor Welfare Factories Act
Introduction and Concept of industrial relations
of industrial relations
Collective Bargaining
Trade unions
Labor Market
Employee Discipline
Industrial disputes

Factories Act(1948), Mines Act(1952) & Dock Workers Act(1986)


There are three major legislations relating to occupational health and safety in India. They are related to the health and safety of persons employed in factories, mines and ports.

The Factories Act, 1948

• It provides the following provisions for maintaining health, security and safety of employees:

For Health
Ventilation & Temperature Disposal of wastes
Cleanliness Dust and fumes
Artificial Humidification Overcrowding
Lightening Drinking water
Latrines and urinals Spittoons

For Safety

Fencing of machinery

Work on machinery in motion

Cashing of new machines

Protection of eyes

Hoists and lifts

Self acting machinery

Excessive weights

Pressure plant

Precautions against dangerous fumes

Floors, stairs and means of access

Precautions in case of fire

Explosives of inflammable gas

Safety of buildings & machinery

Maintenance of buildings

For Welfare

Washing facilities

Facilities for sitting

First aid appliances


Rest rooms and shelters


Facilities for storing and drying clothing


Mines Act, 1952

  • It contains provisions for measures relating to the health, safety and welfare of persons employed in the coal and oil mines.

  • It provides the following provisions for health and safety of mine workers:

Drinking water


Medical appliances

Working hours

Notice about accidents

Notice of certain diseases

Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Act, 1986

  • It contains provisions for the health, safety and welfare of workers working in ports/docks.

  • It provides the following provisions:


Fencing of dangerous places

Passages to be kept clear

Railings and fencings

Staging construction and maintenance

Work on staging

Lifesaving appliances


Fire protection

Excessive noise

Access between deck and hold


Floor loading


Access between deck and vessel

Access between shore and ship

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