The ‘Indian Police Service’ better known as IPS constitutes one of the main three civil services of the Indian Government. The IPS was constituted in 1948. The ministry of home affairs is the authority entrusted to control the cadre of IPS officers. The present cadre size of IPS officers is roughly about 4730 as per the data of 2011. A candidate who qualifies to become an IPS officer has to undergo rigorous training at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad(A.P). However, there are about three lakhs candidates who compete for every vacancy that arises in IPS. Therefore, to make it to the IPS is undoubtedly a remarkable achievement.
However, one has to groom oneself immaculately to become eligible for this most coveted of positions. That in essence implies that one needs to toil diligently with single-minded devotion for nothing less than a couple of years to successfully sail through a series of written exams and interviews. These trials that are conducted over a year long period fittingly test one’s mettle and ability to serve in one of the prestigious establishment of India.
The Job Profile and Prospects of an IPS Officer
An IPS officer is primarily responsible for maintaining law and order, averting and dealing with accidents, nabbing notorious criminals, and managing traffic. Apart from these normal duties, the officer is also responsible for checking drug trafficking, human trafficking, smuggling, maintaining border security, railway policing, allaying and preventing terrorism, and keeping a watch on cyber crimes.
IPS officers are also known to head strategic intelligence agencies like CBI, IB and RAW and paramilitary forces like CRPF, ITBP, BSF, Assam Rifles, etc. An IPS starts his or her career as a probationary officer serving a state government as an ASP and steadily works his way up to become the DGP of the police force of that state.
IPS Officers Recruitment & TrainingIPS officers has three ways for recruitment, those are:
- Civil service examination conducting by UPSC
- Limited competitive examination conducted by UPSC
- If state police promote his existing policemen
Indian Police Services CadresSelected candidates are allocated according to ranks and availability of vacancies in the category for which they are recruited. Each Indian state have only one cadre except three cadre of Northeast. About 65%of the cadre are directly appointed for IPS officers and rests are promoted from respective state cadre officers . Designation according to the ranks are:
- Superintendent of Police (SP) with time scale of Junior Scale, Senior scale, Junior Administrative scale, Selection Grade.
- Deputy Inspector General (DIG) with only super time scale.
- Inspector General (IG) with only super time scale.
- Additional Director General (ADG) with only above super time scale.
- Director General of Police (DG) with above super time scale.
Pay Scale of IPS Officers in India
The total emoluments of an IPS officer have become very lucrative after the fifth pay commission came into effect. An entry level officer or IPS probationer gets approximately 40,000 INR per month. ASPs, SPs, and ACPs draw a salary of roughly 60,000 INR per month. DIGs, IGs, and DGPs draw around 80,000 INR per month. Apart from the salary, an IPS officer also enjoys specific privileges according to his or her posting. The salary grades of IPS officers have been fixed by the Indian Government that is upgraded everytime a new pay commission is constituted.
The current pay scales for different designations or ranks of IPS officers have been presented in the following table:-
|Designation or Rank||Analogous Position under a State Government||Pay Scale|
|Director General of Police||Commissioner of Police (name of the state)||80,000 INR (consolidated) no grade pay|
|Additional Director General of Police||Special Commissioner of Police||37,400-67,000 INR along with grade pay of 12,000 INR|
|Inspector General of Police||Joint Commissioner of Police||37,400-67,000 INR along with grade pay of 10,000 INR|
|Deputy Inspector General of Police||Additional Commissioner of Police||37,400-67,000 INR along with grade pay of 8,900 INR|
|Senior Superintendent of Police||Deputy Commissioner of Police||15,600-39,100 INR along with grade pay of 8,700 INR|
|Superintendent of Police||Deputy Commissioner of Police||15,600-39,000 INR along with grade pay of 7,600 INR|
|Additional Superintendent of Police||Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police||15,600-39,000 INR along with grade pay of 6,600 INR|
|Deputy Superintendent of Police||Assistant Commissioner of Police||15,600-39,100 INR along with grade pay of 5,400 INR|
It should be noted that the above pay scales are just rough approximates of the actual figures. The pay scales vary according to the division or sub-division of services. It often happens that personnel with same designations of a particular branch or sub-division draw different salaries depending upon the area where one is posted and the duties he or she is required to discharge. IPS officers, besides their salaries are also eligible to receive specific allowances like CCA (city compensatory allowance), DA (dearness allowance), subsidized accommodation, LTA (leave travel allowance), medical and life insurance benefits.
Last Updated: 14/Nov/2014