Programmed Instruction (PI)

Programmed instruction is a Computer-based training that comprises of graphics, multimedia, text that is connected to one another and is stored in memory.

Programmed instruction is the procedure of guiding the participants strategically through the information in a way that facilitates the most effective and efficient learning. It provides the participant with content, information, asks questions, and based on the answer goes to the next level of information i.e. if the trainee gives the correct answer; one branch moves the trainee forward to the new information. And if the trainee gives the wrong answer then different branch is activated, taking the trainee back to the review relevant information in more elaborate manner.

This method allows the trainees to go through the content according to the individual speed, and capability. Those trainees, who respond better, move through the content rapidly.

Programmed Instruction also comes in

  • Printed form i.e. books
  • Tape
  • Interactive Video
  • Other formats

In programmed instruction, trainees receive information in substantial amount and then tested on their retention of information. If the trainees are not able to retain the information, they are referred back to the original information. If the trainees retain the information, they are referred to the next log of information that is to be learned.

Features of Programmed Instruction

Some of the features of programmed instructions are:

  • It provides immediate feedback to trainee response
  • It frequently reviews the content
  • It programs small learning steps that results in fewer response errors
  • It allows trainees to move through the content at their own speed, or capability
  • It requires frequent active responses by the trainees