The most frequently used method in smaller organizations that is on the job training. This method of training uses more knowledgeable, experienced and skilled employees, such as mangers, supervisors to give training to less knowledgeable, skilled, and experienced employees. OJT can be delivered in classrooms as well.
This type of training often takes place at the work place in informal manner.
Some key points on on the job Training
On the job Training is characterized by following points
- It is done on ad-hoc manner with no formal procedure, or content
- At the start of training, or during the training, no specific goals or objectives are developed
- Trainers usually have no formal qualification or training experience for training
- Training is not carefully planned or prepared
- The trainers are selected on the basis of technical expertise or area knowledge
Formal OJT programs are quite different from informal OJT. These programs are carried out by identifying the employees who are having superior technical knowledge and can effectively use one-to-one interaction technique.
The procedure of formal on the job training program is:
- The participant observes a more experienced, knowledgeable, and skilled trainer (employee)
- The method, process, and techniques are well discussed before, during and after trainer has explained about performing the tasks
- When the trainee is prepared, the trainee starts performing on the work place
- The trainer provides continuing direction of work and feedback
- The trainee is given more and more work so that he accomplishes the job flawlessly
The four techniques for on the job development are:
- JOB ROTATION
- JOB INSTRUCTION TECHNIQUE (JIT)